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Sutta Pitaka

Dīgha Nikāya – The Long Discourses

DN29: Pasadika Sutta – An Impressive Discourse

1So I have heard. At one time the Buddha was staying in the land of the Sakyans in a stilt longhouse in a mango grove belonging to the Sakyan family named Vedhañña.

2Now at that time the Nigaṇṭha Nātaputta had recently passed away at Pāvā. With his passing the Jain ascetics split, dividing into two factions, arguing, quarreling, and fighting, continually wounding each other with barbed words:

“You don’t understand this teaching and training. I understand this teaching and training. What, you understand this teaching and training? You’re practicing wrong. I’m practicing right. I stay on topic, you don’t. You said last what you should have said first. You said first what you should have said last. What you’ve thought so much about has been disproved. Your doctrine is refuted. Go on, save your doctrine! You’re trapped; get yourself out of this — if you can!”

You’d think there was nothing but slaughter going on among the Jain ascetics. And the Nigaṇṭha Nātaputta’s white-clothed lay disciples were disillusioned, dismayed, and disappointed in the Jain ascetics. They were equally disappointed with a teaching and training so poorly explained and poorly propounded, not emancipating, not leading to peace, proclaimed by someone who is not a fully awakened Buddha, with broken monument and without a refuge.


3And then, after completing the rainy season residence near Pāvā, the novice Cunda went to see Venerable Ānanda at Sāma village. He bowed, sat down to one side, and told him what had happened.

4Ānanda said to him: “Reverend Cunda, we should see the Buddha about this matter. Come, let’s go to the Buddha and tell him about this.”

“Yes, sir,” replied Cunda.


5Then Ānanda and Cunda went to the Buddha, bowed, sat down to one side, and told him what had happened.

1. The Teaching of the Unawakened

6“That’s what happens, Cunda, when a teaching and training is poorly explained and poorly propounded, not emancipating, not leading to peace, proclaimed by someone who is not a fully awakened Buddha.

Take the case where a teacher is not awakened, and the teaching is poorly explained and poorly propounded, not emancipating, not leading to peace, proclaimed by someone who is not a fully awakened Buddha. A disciple in that teaching does not practice in line with the teachings, does not practice following that procedure, does not live in line with the teaching. They proceed having turned away from that teaching. You should say this to them, ‘You’re fortunate, reverend, you’re so very fortunate! For your teacher is not awakened, and their teaching is poorly explained and poorly propounded, not emancipating, not leading to peace, proclaimed by someone who is not a fully awakened Buddha. But you don’t practice in line with that teaching, you don’t practice following that procedure, you don’t live in line with the teaching. You proceed having turned away from that teaching.’ In such a case the teacher and the teaching are to blame, but the disciple deserves praise. Suppose someone was to say to such a disciple, ‘Come on, venerable, practice as taught and pointed out by your teacher.’ The one who encourages, the one who they encourage, and the one who practices accordingly all make much bad karma. Why is that? It’s because that teaching and training is poorly explained and poorly propounded, not emancipating, not leading to peace, proclaimed by someone who is not a fully awakened Buddha.

7Take the case where a teacher is not awakened, and the teaching is poorly explained and poorly propounded, not emancipating, not leading to peace, proclaimed by someone who is not a fully awakened Buddha. A disciple in that teaching practices in line with the teachings, practices following that procedure, lives in line with the teaching. They proceed having undertaken that teaching. You should say this to them, ‘It’s your loss, reverend, it’s your misfortune! For your teacher is not awakened, and their teaching is poorly explained and poorly propounded, not emancipating, not leading to peace, proclaimed by someone who is not a fully awakened Buddha. And you practice in line with that teaching, you practice following that procedure, you live in line with the teaching. You proceed having undertaken that teaching.’ In such a case the teacher, the teaching, and the disciple are all to blame. Suppose someone was to say to such a disciple, ‘Clearly the venerable is practicing methodically and will succeed in completing that method.’ The one who praises, the one who they praise, and the one who, being praised, rouses up even more energy all make much bad karma. Why is that? It’s because that teaching and training is poorly explained and poorly propounded, not emancipating, not leading to peace, proclaimed by someone who is not a fully awakened Buddha.

2. The Teaching of the Awakened

8Take the case where a teacher is awakened, and the teaching is well explained and well propounded, emancipating, leading to peace, proclaimed by someone who is a fully awakened Buddha. A disciple in that teaching does not practice in line with the teachings, does not practice following that procedure, does not live in line with the teaching. They proceed having turned away from that teaching. You should say this to them, ‘It’s your loss, reverend, it’s your misfortune! For your teacher is awakened, and their teaching is well explained and well propounded, emancipating, leading to peace, proclaimed by someone who is a fully awakened Buddha. But you don’t practice in line with that teaching, you don’t practice following that procedure, you don’t live in line with the teaching. You proceed having turned away from that teaching.’ In such a case the teacher and the teaching deserve praise, but the disciple is to blame. Suppose someone was to say to such a disciple, ‘Come on, venerable, practice as taught and pointed out by your teacher.’ The one who encourages, the one who they encourage, and the one who practices accordingly all make much merit. Why is that? It’s because that teaching and training is well explained and well propounded, emancipating, leading to peace, proclaimed by someone who is a fully awakened Buddha.

9Take the case where a teacher is awakened, and the teaching is well explained and well propounded, emancipating, leading to peace, proclaimed by someone who is a fully awakened Buddha. A disciple in that teaching practices in line with the teachings, practices following that procedure, lives in line with the teaching. They proceed having undertaken that teaching. You should say this to them, ‘You’re fortunate, reverend, you’re so very fortunate! For your teacher is awakened, and their teaching is well explained and well propounded, emancipating, leading to peace, proclaimed by someone who is a fully awakened Buddha. And you practice in line with that teaching, you practice following that procedure, you live in line with the teaching. You proceed having undertaken that teaching.’ In such a case the teacher, the teaching, and the disciple all deserve praise. Suppose someone was to say to such a disciple, ‘Clearly the venerable is practicing methodically and will succeed in completing that method.’ The one who praises, the one who they praise, and the one who, being praised, rouses up even more energy all make much merit. Why is that? It’s because that teaching and training is well explained and well propounded, emancipating, leading to peace, proclaimed by someone who is a fully awakened Buddha.

3. When Disciples Have Regrets

10Take the case where a teacher arises in the world who is perfected, a fully awakened Buddha. The teaching is well explained and well propounded, emancipating, leading to peace, proclaimed by someone who is fully awakened. But the disciples haven’t inquired about the meaning of that good teaching. And the spiritual practice that’s entirely full and pure has not been disclosed and revealed to them with all its collected sayings, with its demonstrable basis, well proclaimed wherever there are gods and humans. And then their teacher passes away. When such a teacher has passed away the disciples are tormented by regrets. Why is that? They think: ‘Our teacher was perfected, a fully awakened Buddha. His teaching was well explained, but we didn’t inquire about the meaning, and the spiritual practice was not fully disclosed to us. And then our teacher passed away.’ When such a teacher has passed away the disciples are tormented by regrets.

4. When Disciples Have No Regrets

11Take the case where a teacher arises in the world who is perfected, a fully awakened Buddha. The teaching is well explained and well propounded, emancipating, leading to peace, proclaimed by someone who is fully awakened. The disciples have inquired about the meaning of that good teaching. And the spiritual practice that’s entirely full and pure has been disclosed and revealed to them with all its collected sayings, with its demonstrable basis, well proclaimed wherever there are gods and humans. And then their teacher passes away. When such a teacher has passed away the disciples are free of regrets. Why is that? They think: ‘Our teacher was perfected, a fully awakened Buddha. His teaching was well explained, we inquired about the meaning, and the spiritual practice was fully disclosed to us. And then our teacher passed away.’ When such a teacher has passed away the disciples are free of regrets.

5. On the Incomplete Spiritual Path, Etc.

12Now suppose, Cunda, that a spiritual path possesses those factors. But the teacher is not senior, long standing, long gone forth, advanced in years, and reached the final stage of life. Then that spiritual path is incomplete in that respect.

13But when a spiritual path possesses those factors and the teacher is senior, then that spiritual path is complete in that respect.


14Now suppose that a spiritual path possesses those factors and the teacher is senior. But there are no senior monk disciples who are competent, educated, assured, have attained sanctuary, who can rightly explain the true teaching, and who can legitimately and completely refute the doctrines of others that come up, and teach with a demonstrable basis. Then that spiritual path is incomplete in that respect.

15But when a spiritual path possesses those factors and the teacher is senior and there are competent senior monks, then that spiritual path is complete in that respect.


16Now suppose that a spiritual path possesses those factors and the teacher is senior and there are competent senior monks. But there are no competent middle monks, junior monks, senior nuns, middle nuns, junior nuns, celibate white-clothed laymen, white-clothed laymen enjoying sensual pleasures, celibate white-clothed laywomen, white-clothed laywomen enjoying sensual pleasures. … There are white-clothed laywomen enjoying sensual pleasures, but the spiritual path is not successful and prosperous, extensive, popular, widespread, and well proclaimed wherever there are gods and humans … the spiritual path is successful and prosperous, extensive, popular, widespread, and well proclaimed wherever there are gods and humans, but it has not reached the peak of material possessions and fame. Then that spiritual path is incomplete in that respect.


17But when a spiritual path possesses those factors and the teacher is senior and there are competent senior monks, middle monks, junior monks, senior nuns, middle nuns, junior nuns, celibate laymen, laymen enjoying sensual pleasures, celibate laywomen, laywomen enjoying sensual pleasures, and the spiritual path is successful and prosperous, extensive, popular, widespread, and well proclaimed wherever there are gods and humans, and it has reached the peak of material possessions and fame, then that spiritual path is complete in that respect.


18I, Cunda, am a teacher who has arisen in the world today, perfected and fully awakened. The teaching is well explained and well propounded, emancipating, leading to peace, proclaimed by someone who is fully awakened. My disciples have inquired about the meaning of that good teaching. And the spiritual practice that’s entirely full and pure has been disclosed and revealed to them with all its collected sayings, with its demonstrable basis, well proclaimed wherever there are gods and humans. I am a teacher today who is senior, long standing, long gone forth, advanced in years, and have reached the final stage of life.


19I have today disciples who are competent senior monks, middle monks, junior monks, senior nuns, middle nuns, junior nuns, celibate laymen, laymen enjoying sensual pleasures, celibate laywomen, and laywomen enjoying sensual pleasures. Today my spiritual life is successful and prosperous, extensive, popular, widespread, and well proclaimed wherever there are gods and humans.


20Of all the teachers in the world today, Cunda, I don’t see even a single one who has reached the peak of material possessions and fame like me. Of all the spiritual communities and groups in the world today, Cunda, I don’t see even a single one who has reached the pinnacle of material possessions and fame like the mendicant Saṅgha. And if there’s any spiritual path of which it may be rightly said that it’s endowed with all good qualities, complete in all good qualities, neither too little nor too much, well explained, whole, full, and well propounded, it’s of this spiritual path that this should be said.

21Uddaka, son of Rāma, used to say: ‘Seeing, one does not see.’ But seeing what does one not see? You can see the blade of a well-sharpened razor, but not the edge. Thus it is said: ‘Seeing, one does not see.’ But that saying of Uddaka’s is low, crude, ordinary, ignoble, and pointless, as it’s only concerning a razor. If there’s anything of which it may be rightly said: ‘Seeing, one does not see,’ it’s of this that it should be said. Seeing what does one not see? One sees this: a spiritual path endowed with all good qualities, complete in all good qualities, neither too little nor too much, well explained, whole, full, and well propounded. One does not see this: anything that, were it to be removed, would make it purer. One does not see this: anything that, were it to be added, would make it more complete. Thus it is rightly said: ‘Seeing, one does not see.’

6. Teachings Should be Recited in Concert

22So, Cunda, you should all come together and recite in concert, without disputing, those things I have taught you from my direct knowledge, comparing meaning with meaning and phrasing with phrasing, so that this spiritual path may last for a long time. That would be for the welfare and happiness of the people, for the benefit, welfare, and happiness of gods and humans. And what are those things I have taught from my direct knowledge? They are the four kinds of mindfulness meditation, the four right efforts, the four bases of psychic power, the five faculties, the five powers, the seven awakening factors, and the noble eightfold path. These are the things I have taught from my own direct knowledge.

7. Reaching Agreement

23Suppose one of those spiritual companions who is training in harmony and mutual appreciation, without fighting, were to recite the teaching in the Saṅgha. Now, you might think, ‘This venerable misconstrues the meaning and mistakes the phrasing.’ You should neither approve nor dismiss them, but say, ‘Reverend, if this is the meaning, the phrasing may either be this or that: which is more fitting? And if this is the phrasing, the meaning may be either this or that: which is more fitting?’ Suppose they reply, ‘This phrasing fits the meaning better than that. And this meaning fits the phrasing better than that.’ Without flattering or rebuking them, you should carefully convince them by examining that meaning and that phrasing.

24Suppose another spiritual companion were to recite the teaching in the Saṅgha. Now, you might think, ‘This venerable misconstrues the meaning but gets the phrasing right.’ You should neither approve nor dismiss them, but say, ‘Reverend, if this is the phrasing, the meaning may be either this or that: which is more fitting?’ Suppose they reply, ‘This meaning fits the phrasing better than that.’ Without flattering or rebuking, you should carefully convince them by examining that meaning.

25Suppose another spiritual companion were to recite the teaching in the Saṅgha. Now, you might think, ‘This venerable construes the meaning correctly but mistakes the phrasing.’ You should neither approve nor dismiss them, but say, ‘Reverend, if this is the meaning, the phrasing may be either this or that: which is more fitting?’ Suppose they reply, ‘This phrasing fits the meaning better than that.’ Without flattering or rebuking, you should carefully convince them by examining that phrasing.

26Suppose another spiritual companion were to recite the teaching in the Saṅgha. Now, you might think, ‘This venerable construes the meaning correctly and gets the phrasing right.’ Saying ‘Good!’ you should applaud and cheer that mendicant’s statement, and then say to them, ‘We are fortunate, reverend, so very fortunate to see a venerable such as yourself, so well-versed in the meaning and the phrasing, as one of our spiritual companions!’

8. The Reasons for Allowing Requisites

27Cunda, I do not teach you solely for restraining defilements that affect the present life. Nor do I teach solely for protecting against defilements that affect lives to come. I teach both for restraining defilements that affect the present life and protecting against defilements that affect lives to come.

And that’s why I have allowed robes for you that suffice only for the sake of warding off cold and heat; for warding off the touch of flies, mosquitoes, wind, sun, and reptiles; and for covering up the private parts. I have allowed alms-food for you that suffices only to continue and sustain this body, avoid harm, and support spiritual practice; so that you will put an end to old discomfort and not give rise to new discomfort, and will keep on living blamelessly and at ease. I have allowed lodgings for you that suffice only for the sake of warding off cold and heat; for warding off the touch of flies, mosquitoes, wind, sun, and reptiles; to shelter from harsh weather and to enjoy retreat. I have allowed medicines and supplies for the sick for you that suffice only for the sake of warding off the pains of illness and to promote good health.

9. Indulgence in Pleasure

28It’s possible that wanderers who follow other paths might say, ‘The ascetics who follow the Sakyan live indulging in pleasure.’ You should say to them, ‘What is that indulgence in pleasure? For there are many different kinds of indulgence in pleasure.’


29These four kinds of indulgence in pleasure, Cunda, are low, crude, ordinary, ignoble, and pointless. They don’t lead to disillusionment, dispassion, cessation, peace, insight, awakening, and extinguishment. What four?

30It’s when some fool makes themselves happy and pleased by killing living creatures. This is the first kind of indulgence in pleasure.

31Furthermore, someone makes themselves happy and pleased by theft. This is the second kind of indulgence in pleasure.

32Furthermore, someone makes themselves happy and pleased by lying. This is the third kind of indulgence in pleasure.

33Furthermore, someone amuses themselves, supplied and provided with the five kinds of sensual stimulation. This is the fourth kind of indulgence in pleasure.

34These are the four kinds of indulgence in pleasure that are low, crude, ordinary, ignoble, and pointless. They don’t lead to disillusionment, dispassion, cessation, peace, insight, awakening, and extinguishment.

35It’s possible that wanderers who follow other paths might say, ‘The ascetics who follow the Sakyan live indulging in pleasure in these four ways.’ They should be told, ‘Not so!’ It isn’t right to say that about you; it misrepresents you with an untruth.

36These four kinds of indulgence in pleasure, when developed and cultivated, lead solely to disillusionment, dispassion, cessation, peace, insight, awakening, and extinguishment. What four?

37It’s when a mendicant, quite secluded from sensual pleasures, secluded from unskillful qualities, enters and remains in the first absorption, which has the rapture and bliss born of seclusion, while placing the mind and keeping it connected. This is the first kind of indulgence in pleasure.


38Furthermore, as the placing of the mind and keeping it connected are stilled, a mendicant enters and remains in the second absorption. It has the rapture and bliss born of immersion, with internal clarity and confidence, and unified mind, without placing the mind and keeping it connected. This is the second kind of indulgence in pleasure.


39Furthermore, with the fading away of rapture, a mendicant enters and remains in the third absorption. They meditate with equanimity, mindful and aware, personally experiencing the bliss of which the noble ones declare, ‘Equanimous and mindful, one meditates in bliss.’ This is the third kind of indulgence in pleasure.


40Furthermore, giving up pleasure and pain, and ending former happiness and sadness, a mendicant enters and remains in the fourth absorption. It is without pleasure or pain, with pure equanimity and mindfulness. This is the fourth kind of indulgence in pleasure.

41These are the four kinds of indulgence in pleasure which, when developed and cultivated, lead solely to disillusionment, dispassion, cessation, peace, insight, awakening, and extinguishment.

42It’s possible that wanderers who follow other paths might say, ‘The ascetics who follow the Sakyan live indulging in pleasure in these four ways.’ They should be told, ‘Exactly so!’ It’s right to say that about you; it doesn’t misrepresent you with an untruth.

10. The Benefits of Indulgence in Pleasure

43It’s possible that wanderers who follow other paths might say, ‘How many fruits and benefits may be expected by those who live indulging in pleasure in these four ways?’ You should say to them, ‘Four benefits may be expected by those who live indulging in pleasure in these four ways. What four?


Firstly, with the ending of three fetters a mendicant becomes a stream-enterer, not liable to be reborn in the underworld, bound for awakening. This is the first fruit and benefit.

Furthermore, a mendicant — with the ending of three fetters, and the weakening of greed, hate, and delusion — becomes a once-returner. They come back to this world once only, then make an end of suffering. This is the second fruit and benefit.

Furthermore, with the ending of the five lower fetters, a mendicant is reborn spontaneously and will become extinguished there, not liable to return from that world. This is the third fruit and benefit.

Furthermore, a mendicant realizes the undefiled freedom of heart and freedom by wisdom in this very life, and lives having realized it with their own insight due to the ending of defilements. This is the fourth fruit and benefit.

These four benefits may be expected by those who live indulging in pleasure in these four ways.’

11. Things Impossible for the Perfected

44It’s possible that wanderers who follow other paths might say, ‘The ascetics who follow the Sakyan are inconsistent.’ You should say to them, ‘Reverends, these things have been taught and pointed out for his disciples by the Blessed One, who knows and sees, the perfected one, the fully awakened Buddha, not to be transgressed so long as life lasts. Suppose there was a boundary pillar or an iron pillar with deep foundations, firmly embedded, imperturbable and unshakable. In the same way, these things have been taught and pointed out for his disciples by the Blessed One, who knows and sees, the perfected one, the fully awakened Buddha, not to be transgressed so long as life lasts.

A mendicant who is perfected — with defilements ended, who has completed the spiritual journey, done what had to be done, laid down the burden, achieved their own true goal, utterly ended the fetters of rebirth, and is rightly freed through enlightenment — can’t transgress in nine respects. A mendicant with defilements ended can’t deliberately take the life of a living creature, take something with the intention to steal, have sex, tell a deliberate lie, or store up goods for their own enjoyment like they did as a lay person. And they can’t make decisions prejudiced by favoritism, hostility, stupidity, or cowardice. A mendicant who is perfected can’t transgress in these nine respects.’

12. Questions and Answers

45It’s possible that wanderers who follow other paths might say, ‘The ascetic Gotama demonstrates boundless knowledge and vision of the past, but not of the future. What’s up with that?’ Those wanderers, like incompetent fools, seem to imagine that one kind of knowledge and vision can be demonstrated by means of another kind of knowledge and vision.

Regarding the past, the Realized One has knowledge stemming from memory. He recollects as far as he wants.

Regarding the future, the Realized One has the knowledge born of awakening: ‘This is my last rebirth. Now there are no more future lives.’


If a question about the past is untrue, false, and pointless, the Realized One does not reply. If a question about the past is true and substantive, but pointless, he does not reply. If a question about the past is true, substantive, and beneficial, he knows the right time to reply. And the Realized One replies to questions about the future or the present in the same way.


46And so the Realized One has speech that’s well-timed, true, meaningful, in line with the teaching and training. That’s why he’s called the ‘Realized One’.

In this world — with its gods, Māras, and Brahmās, this population with its ascetics and brahmins, its gods and humans — whatever is seen, heard, thought, known, sought, and explored by the mind, all that has been understood by the Realized One. That’s why he’s called the ‘Realized One’.

From the night when the Realized One understands the supreme perfect awakening until the night he becomes fully extinguished — through the natural principle of extinguishment, without anything left over — everything he speaks, says, and expresses is real, not otherwise. That’s why he’s called the ‘Realized One’.

The Realized One does as he says, and says as he does. Since this is so, that’s why he’s called the ‘Realized One’. In this world — with its gods, Māras and Brahmās, this population with its ascetics and brahmins, gods and humans — the Realized One is the undefeated, the champion, the universal seer, the wielder of power.

13. The Undeclared Points

47It’s possible that wanderers who follow other paths might say, ‘Is this your view: “A Realized One exists after death. This is the only truth, other ideas are silly”?’ You should say to them, ‘Reverend, this has not been declared by the Buddha.’

48The wanderers might say, ‘Then is this your view: “A Realized One doesn’t exist after death. This is the only truth, other ideas are silly”?’ You should say to them, ‘This too has not been declared by the Buddha.’

49The wanderers might say, ‘Then is this your view: “A Realized One both exists and doesn’t exist after death. This is the only truth, other ideas are silly”?’ You should say to them, ‘This too has not been declared by the Buddha.’

50The wanderers might say, ‘Then is this your view: “A Realized One neither exists nor doesn’t exist after death. This is the only truth, other ideas are silly”?’ You should say to them, ‘This too has not been declared by the Buddha.’

51The wanderers might say, ‘But why has this not been declared by the ascetic Gotama?’ You should say to them, ‘Because it’s not beneficial or relevant to the fundamentals of the spiritual life. It doesn’t lead to disillusionment, dispassion, cessation, peace, insight, awakening, and extinguishment. That’s why it hasn’t been declared by the Buddha.’

14. The Declared Points

52It’s possible that wanderers who follow other paths might say, ‘But what has been declared by the ascetic Gotama?’ You should say to them, ‘What has been declared by the Buddha is this: “This is suffering” — “This is the origin of suffering” — “This is the cessation of suffering” — “This is the practice that leads to the cessation of suffering.”’

53The wanderers might say, ‘But why has this been declared by the ascetic Gotama?’ You should say to them, ‘Because it’s beneficial and relevant to the fundamentals of the spiritual life. It leads to disillusionment, dispassion, cessation, peace, insight, awakening, and extinguishment. That’s why it has been declared by the Buddha.’

15. Views of the Past

54Cunda, I have explained to you as they should be explained the views that some rely on regarding the past. Shall I explain them to you in the wrong way? I have explained to you as they should be explained the views that some rely on regarding the future. Shall I explain them to you in the wrong way?

What are the views that some rely on regarding the past? There are some ascetics and brahmins who have this doctrine and view: ‘The self and the cosmos are eternal. This is the only truth, other ideas are silly.’ There are some ascetics and brahmins who have this doctrine and view: ‘The self and the cosmos are not eternal, or both eternal and not eternal, or neither eternal nor not eternal. The self and the cosmos are made by oneself, or made by another, or made by both oneself and another, or they have arisen by chance, not made by oneself or another. Pleasure and pain are eternal, or not eternal, or both eternal and not eternal, or neither eternal nor not eternal. Pleasure and pain are made by oneself, or made by another, or made by both oneself and another, or they have arisen by chance, not made by oneself or another. This is the only truth, other ideas are silly.’


55Regarding this, I go up to the ascetics and brahmins whose view is that the self and the cosmos are eternal, and say, ‘Reverends, is this what you say: “The self and the cosmos are eternal”?’ But when they say, ‘Yes! This is the only truth, other ideas are silly,’ I don’t acknowledge that. Why is that? Because there are beings who have different opinions on this topic. I don’t see any such expositions that are equal to my own, still less superior. Rather, I am the one who is superior when it comes to the higher exposition.


56Regarding this, I go up to the ascetics and brahmins who assert all the other views as described above. And in each case, I don’t acknowledge that. Why is that? Because there are beings who have different opinions on this topic. I don’t see any such expositions that are equal to my own, still less superior. Rather, I am the one who is superior when it comes to the higher exposition.

These are the views that some rely on regarding the past.

16. Views of the Future

57What are the views that some rely on regarding the future? There are some ascetics and brahmins who have this doctrine and view: ‘The self is physical and sound after death, or it is non-physical, or both physical and non-physical, or neither physical nor non-physical, or percipient, or non-percipient, or neither percipient nor non-percipient, or the self is annihilated and destroyed when the body breaks up, and doesn’t exist after death. This is the only truth, other ideas are silly.’

Regarding this, I go up to the ascetics and brahmins whose view is that the self is physical and sound after death, and say, ‘Reverends, is this what you say: “The self is physical and sound after death”?’ But when they say, ‘Yes! This is the only truth, other ideas are silly,’ I don’t acknowledge that. Why is that? Because there are beings who have different opinions on this topic. I don’t see any such expositions that are equal to my own, still less superior. Rather, I am the one who is superior when it comes to the higher exposition.


58Regarding this, I go up to the ascetics and brahmins who assert all the other views as described above.


And in each case, I don’t acknowledge that. Why is that? Because there are beings who have different opinions on this topic. I don’t see any such expositions that are equal to my own, still less superior. Rather, I am the one who is superior when it comes to the higher exposition.

These are the views that some rely on regarding the future, which I have explained to you as they should be explained. Shall I explain them to you in the wrong way?

59I have taught and pointed out the four kinds of mindfulness meditation for giving up and going beyond all these views of the past and the future. What four? It’s when a mendicant meditates by observing an aspect of the body — keen, aware, and mindful, rid of desire and aversion for the world. They meditate observing an aspect of feelings … mind … principles — keen, aware, and mindful, rid of desire and aversion for the world. These are the four kinds of mindfulness meditation that I have taught for giving up and going beyond all these views of the past and the future.”

60Now at that time Venerable Upavāṇa was standing behind the Buddha fanning him. He said to the Buddha: “It’s incredible, sir, it’s amazing! This exposition of the teaching is impressive, sir, it is very impressive. Sir, what is the name of this exposition of the teaching?”

“Well, Upavāṇa, you may remember this exposition of the teaching as ‘The Impressive Discourse’.”


61That is what the Buddha said. Satisfied, Venerable Upavāṇa was happy with what the Buddha said.

1Evaṁ me sutaṁ — ​ ekaṁ samayaṁ bhagavā sakkesu viharati vedhaññā nāma sakyā, tesaṁ ambavane pāsāde.

2Tena kho pana samayena nigaṇṭho nāṭaputto pāvāyaṁ adhunākālaṅkato hoti. Tassa kālaṁkiriyāya bhinnā nigaṇṭhā dvedhikajātā bhaṇḍanajātā kalahajātā vivādāpannā aññamaññaṁ mukhasattīhi vitudantā viharanti:

"na tvaṁ imaṁ dhammavinayaṁ ājānāsi, ahaṁ imaṁ dhammavinayaṁ ājānāmi, kiṁ tvaṁ imaṁ dhammavinayaṁ ājānissasi? Micchāpaṭipanno tvamasi, ahamasmi sammāpaṭipanno. Sahitaṁ me, asahitaṁ te. Purevacanīyaṁ pacchā avaca, pacchāvacanīyaṁ pure avaca. Adhiciṇṇaṁ te viparāvattaṁ, āropito te vādo, niggahito tvamasi, cara vādappamokkhāya, nibbeṭhehi vā sace pahosī"ti.

Vadhoyeva kho maññe nigaṇṭhesu nāṭaputtiyesuvattati. Yepi nigaṇṭhassa nāṭaputtassa sāvakā gihī odātavasanā, tepi nigaṇṭhesu nāṭaputtiyesu nibbinnarūpā virattarūpā paṭivānarūpā, yathā taṁ durakkhāte dhammavinaye duppavedite aniyyānike anupasamasaṁvattanike asammāsambuddhappavedite bhinnathūpe appaṭisaraṇe.


3Atha kho cundo samaṇuddeso pāvāyaṁ vassaṁvuṭṭho yena sāmagāmo, yenāyasmā ānando tenupasaṅkami; upasaṅkamitvā āyasmantaṁ ānandaṁ abhivādetvā ekamantaṁ nisīdi. Ekamantaṁ nisinno kho cundo samaṇuddeso āyasmantaṁ ānandaṁ etadavoca: "nigaṇṭho, bhante, nāṭaputto pāvāyaṁ adhunākālaṅkato. Tassa kālaṁkiriyāya bhinnā nigaṇṭhā dvedhikajātā … pe … bhinnathūpe appaṭisaraṇe"ti.

4Evaṁ vutte, āyasmā ānando cundaṁ samaṇuddesaṁ etadavoca: "atthi kho idaṁ, āvuso cunda, kathāpābhataṁ bhagavantaṁ dassanāya. Āyāmāvuso cunda, yena bhagavā tenupasaṅkamissāma; upasaṅkamitvā etamatthaṁ bhagavato ārocessāmā"ti.

"Evaṁ, bhante"ti kho cundo samaṇuddeso āyasmato ānandassa paccassosi.


5Atha kho āyasmā ca ānando cundo ca samaṇuddeso yena bhagavā tenupasaṅkamiṁsu; upasaṅkamitvā bhagavantaṁ abhivādetvā ekamantaṁ nisīdiṁsu. Ekamantaṁ nisinno kho āyasmā ānando bhagavantaṁ etadavoca: "Ayaṁ, bhante, cundo samaṇuddeso evamāha, 'nigaṇṭho, bhante, nāṭaputto pāvāyaṁ adhunākālaṅkato, tassa kālaṅkiriyāya bhinnā nigaṇṭhā … pe … bhinnathūpe appaṭisaraṇe'"ti.

1. Asammāsambuddhappaveditadhammavinaya

6"Evaṁ hetaṁ, cunda, hoti durakkhāte dhammavinaye duppavedite aniyyānike anupasamasaṁvattanike asammāsambuddhappavedite.

Idha, cunda, satthā ca hoti asammāsambuddho, dhammo ca durakkhāto duppavedito aniyyāniko anupasamasaṁvattaniko asammāsambuddhappavedito, sāvako ca tasmiṁ dhamme na dhammānudhammappaṭipanno viharati na sāmīcippaṭipanno na anudhammacārī, vokkamma ca tamhā dhammā vattati. So evamassa vacanīyo: 'tassa te, āvuso, lābhā, tassa te suladdhaṁ, satthā ca te asammāsambuddho, dhammo ca durakkhāto duppavedito aniyyāniko anupasamasaṁvattaniko asammāsambuddhappavedito. Tvañca tasmiṁ dhamme na dhammānudhammappaṭipanno viharasi, na sāmīcippaṭipanno, na anudhammacārī, vokkamma ca tamhā dhammā vattasī'ti. Iti kho, cunda, satthāpi tattha gārayho, dhammopi tattha gārayho, sāvako ca tattha evaṁ pāsaṁso. Yo kho, cunda, evarūpaṁ sāvakaṁ evaṁ vadeyya: 'etāyasmā tathā paṭipajjatu, yathā te satthārā dhammo desito paññatto'ti. Yo ca samādapeti, yañca samādapeti, yo ca samādapito tathattāya paṭipajjati. Sabbe te bahuṁ apuññaṁ pasavanti. Taṁ kissa hetu? Evaṁ hetaṁ, cunda, hoti durakkhāte dhammavinaye duppavedite aniyyānike anupasamasaṁvattanike asammāsambuddhappavedite.

7Idha pana, cunda, satthā ca hoti asammāsambuddho, dhammo ca durakkhāto duppavedito aniyyāniko anupasamasaṁvattaniko asammāsambuddhappavedito, sāvako ca tasmiṁ dhamme dhammānudhammappaṭipanno viharati sāmīcippaṭipanno anudhammacārī, samādāya taṁ dhammaṁ vattati. So evamassa vacanīyo: 'tassa te, āvuso, alābhā, tassa te dulladdhaṁ, satthā ca te asammāsambuddho, dhammo ca durakkhāto duppavedito aniyyāniko anupasamasaṁvattaniko asammāsambuddhappavedito. Tvañca tasmiṁ dhamme dhammānudhammappaṭipanno viharasi sāmīcippaṭipanno anudhammacārī, samādāya taṁ dhammaṁ vattasī'ti. Iti kho, cunda, satthāpi tattha gārayho, dhammopi tattha gārayho, sāvakopi tattha evaṁ gārayho. Yo kho, cunda, evarūpaṁ sāvakaṁ evaṁ vadeyya: 'addhāyasmā ñāyappaṭipanno ñāyamārādhessatī'ti. Yo ca pasaṁsati, yañca pasaṁsati, yo ca pasaṁsito bhiyyoso mattāya vīriyaṁ ārabhati. Sabbe te bahuṁ apuññaṁ pasavanti. Taṁ kissa hetu? Evañhetaṁ, cunda, hoti durakkhāte dhammavinaye duppavedite aniyyānike anupasamasaṁvattanike asammāsambuddhappavedite.

2. Sammāsambuddhappaveditadhammavinaya

8Idha pana, cunda, satthā ca hoti sammāsambuddho, dhammo ca svākkhāto suppavedito niyyāniko upasamasaṁvattaniko sammāsambuddhappavedito, sāvako ca tasmiṁ dhamme na dhammānudhammappaṭipanno viharati, na sāmīcippaṭipanno, na anudhammacārī, vokkamma ca tamhā dhammā vattati. So evamassa vacanīyo: 'tassa te, āvuso, alābhā, tassa te dulladdhaṁ, satthā ca te sammāsambuddho, dhammo ca svākkhāto suppavedito niyyāniko upasamasaṁvattaniko sammāsambuddhappavedito. Tvañca tasmiṁ dhamme na dhammānudhammappaṭipanno viharasi, na sāmīcippaṭipanno, na anudhammacārī, vokkamma ca tamhā dhammā vattasī'ti. Iti kho, cunda, satthāpi tattha pāsaṁso, dhammopi tattha pāsaṁso, sāvako ca tattha evaṁ gārayho. Yo kho, cunda, evarūpaṁ sāvakaṁ evaṁ vadeyya: 'etāyasmā tathā paṭipajjatu yathā te satthārā dhammo desito paññatto'ti. Yo ca samādapeti, yañca samādapeti, yo ca samādapito tathattāya paṭipajjati. Sabbe te bahuṁ puññaṁ pasavanti. Taṁ kissa hetu? Evañhetaṁ, cunda, hoti svākkhāte dhammavinaye suppavedite niyyānike upasamasaṁvattanike sammāsambuddhappavedite.

9Idha pana, cunda, satthā ca hoti sammāsambuddho, dhammo ca svākkhāto suppavedito niyyāniko upasamasaṁvattaniko sammāsambuddhappavedito, sāvako ca tasmiṁ dhamme dhammānudhammappaṭipanno viharati sāmīcippaṭipanno anudhammacārī, samādāya taṁ dhammaṁ vattati. So evamassa vacanīyo: 'tassa te, āvuso, lābhā, tassa te suladdhaṁ, satthā ca te sammāsambuddho, dhammo ca svākkhāto suppavedito niyyāniko upasamasaṁvattaniko sammāsambuddhappavedito. Tvañca tasmiṁ dhamme dhammānudhammappaṭipanno viharasi sāmīcippaṭipanno anudhammacārī, samādāya taṁ dhammaṁ vattasī'ti. Iti kho, cunda, satthāpi tattha pāsaṁso, dhammopi tattha pāsaṁso, sāvakopi tattha evaṁ pāsaṁso. Yo kho, cunda, evarūpaṁ sāvakaṁ evaṁ vadeyya: 'addhāyasmā ñāyappaṭipanno ñāyamārādhessatī'ti. Yo ca pasaṁsati, yañca pasaṁsati, yo ca pasaṁsito bhiyyoso mattāya vīriyaṁ ārabhati. Sabbe te bahuṁ puññaṁ pasavanti. Taṁ kissa hetu? Evañhetaṁ, cunda, hoti svākkhāte dhammavinaye suppavedite niyyānike upasamasaṁvattanike sammāsambuddhappavedite.

3. Sāvakānutappasatthu

10Idha pana, cunda, satthā ca loke udapādi arahaṁ sammāsambuddho, dhammo ca svākkhāto suppavedito niyyāniko upasamasaṁvattaniko sammāsambuddhappavedito, aviññāpitatthā cassa honti sāvakā saddhamme, na ca tesaṁ kevalaṁ paripūraṁ brahmacariyaṁ āvikataṁ hoti uttānīkataṁ sabbasaṅgāhapadakataṁ sappāṭihīrakataṁ yāva devamanussehi suppakāsitaṁ. Atha nesaṁ satthuno antaradhānaṁ hoti. Evarūpo kho, cunda, satthā sāvakānaṁ kālaṅkato anutappo hoti. Taṁ kissa hetu? 'Satthā ca no loke udapādi arahaṁ sammāsambuddho, dhammo ca svākkhāto suppavedito niyyāniko upasamasaṁvattaniko sammāsambuddhappavedito, aviññāpitatthā camha saddhamme, na ca no kevalaṁ paripūraṁ brahmacariyaṁ āvikataṁ hoti uttānīkataṁ sabbasaṅgāhapadakataṁ sappāṭihīrakataṁ yāva devamanussehi suppakāsitaṁ. Atha no satthuno antaradhānaṁ hotī'ti. Evarūpo kho, cunda, satthā sāvakānaṁ kālaṅkato anutappo hoti.

4. Sāvakānanutappasatthu

11Idha pana, cunda, satthā ca loke udapādi arahaṁ sammāsambuddho. Dhammo ca svākkhāto suppavedito niyyāniko upasamasaṁvattaniko sammāsambuddhappavedito. Viññāpitatthā cassa honti sāvakā saddhamme, kevalañca tesaṁ paripūraṁ brahmacariyaṁ āvikataṁ hoti uttānīkataṁ sabbasaṅgāhapadakataṁ sappāṭihīrakataṁ yāva devamanussehi suppakāsitaṁ. Atha nesaṁ satthuno antaradhānaṁ hoti. Evarūpo kho, cunda, satthā sāvakānaṁ kālaṅkato ananutappo hoti. Taṁ kissa hetu? 'Satthā ca no loke udapādi arahaṁ sammāsambuddho. Dhammo ca svākkhāto suppavedito niyyāniko upasamasaṁvattaniko sammāsambuddhappavedito. Viññāpitatthā camha saddhamme, kevalañca no paripūraṁ brahmacariyaṁ āvikataṁ hoti uttānīkataṁ sabbasaṅgāhapadakataṁ sappāṭihīrakataṁ yāva devamanussehi suppakāsitaṁ. Atha no satthuno antaradhānaṁ hotī'ti. Evarūpo kho, cunda, satthā sāvakānaṁ kālaṅkato ananutappo hoti.

5. Brahmacariyaaparipūrādikathā

12Etehi cepi, cunda, aṅgehi samannāgataṁ brahmacariyaṁ hoti, no ca kho satthā hoti thero rattaññū cirapabbajito addhagato vayoanuppatto. Evaṁ taṁ brahmacariyaṁ aparipūraṁ hoti tenaṅgena.

13Yato ca kho, cunda, etehi ceva aṅgehi samannāgataṁ brahmacariyaṁ hoti, satthā ca hoti thero rattaññū cirapabbajito addhagato vayoanuppatto. Evaṁ taṁ brahmacariyaṁ paripūraṁ hoti tenaṅgena.


14Etehi cepi, cunda, aṅgehi samannāgataṁ brahmacariyaṁ hoti, satthā ca hoti thero rattaññū cirapabbajito addhagato vayoanuppatto, no ca khvassa therā bhikkhū sāvakā honti viyattā vinītā visāradā pattayogakkhemā. Alaṁ samakkhātuṁ saddhammassa, alaṁ uppannaṁ parappavādaṁ sahadhammehi suniggahitaṁ niggahetvā sappāṭihāriyaṁ dhammaṁ desetuṁ. Evaṁ taṁ brahmacariyaṁ aparipūraṁ hoti tenaṅgena.

15Yato ca kho, cunda, etehi ceva aṅgehi samannāgataṁ brahmacariyaṁ hoti, satthā ca hoti thero rattaññū cirapabbajito addhagato vayoanuppatto, therā cassa bhikkhū sāvakā honti viyattā vinītā visāradā pattayogakkhemā. Alaṁ samakkhātuṁ saddhammassa, alaṁ uppannaṁ parappavādaṁ sahadhammehi suniggahitaṁ niggahetvā sappāṭihāriyaṁ dhammaṁ desetuṁ. Evaṁ taṁ brahmacariyaṁ paripūraṁ hoti tenaṅgena.


16Etehi cepi, cunda, aṅgehi samannāgataṁ brahmacariyaṁ hoti, satthā ca hoti thero rattaññū cirapabbajito addhagato vayoanuppatto, therā cassa bhikkhū sāvakā honti viyattā vinītā visāradā pattayogakkhemā. Alaṁ samakkhātuṁ saddhammassa, alaṁ uppannaṁ parappavādaṁ sahadhammehi suniggahitaṁ niggahetvā sappāṭihāriyaṁ dhammaṁ desetuṁ. No ca khvassa majjhimā bhikkhū sāvakā honti … pe … majjhimā cassa bhikkhū sāvakā honti, no ca khvassa navā bhikkhū sāvakā honti … pe … navā cassa bhikkhū sāvakā honti, no ca khvassa therā bhikkhuniyo sāvikā honti … pe … therā cassa bhikkhuniyo sāvikā honti, no ca khvassa majjhimā bhikkhuniyo sāvikā honti … pe … majjhimā cassa bhikkhuniyo sāvikā honti, no ca khvassa navā bhikkhuniyo sāvikā honti … pe … navā cassa bhikkhuniyo sāvikā honti, no ca khvassa upāsakā sāvakā honti gihī odātavasanā brahmacārino … pe … upāsakā cassa sāvakā honti gihī odātavasanā brahmacārino, no ca khvassa upāsakā sāvakā honti gihī odātavasanā kāmabhogino … pe … upāsakā cassa sāvakā honti gihī odātavasanā kāmabhogino, no ca khvassa upāsikā sāvikā honti gihiniyo odātavasanā brahmacāriniyo … pe … upāsikā cassa sāvikā honti gihiniyo odātavasanā brahmacāriniyo, no ca khvassa upāsikā sāvikā honti gihiniyo odātavasanā kāmabhoginiyo … pe … upāsikā cassa sāvikā honti gihiniyo odātavasanā kāmabhoginiyo, no ca khvassa brahmacariyaṁ hoti iddhañceva phītañca vitthārikaṁ bāhujaññaṁ puthubhūtaṁ yāva devamanussehi suppakāsitaṁ … pe … brahmacariyañcassa hoti iddhañceva phītañca vitthārikaṁ bāhujaññaṁ puthubhūtaṁ yāva devamanussehi suppakāsitaṁ, no ca kho lābhaggayasaggappattaṁ. Evaṁ taṁ brahmacariyaṁ aparipūraṁ hoti tenaṅgena.


17Yato ca kho, cunda, etehi ceva aṅgehi samannāgataṁ brahmacariyaṁ hoti, satthā ca hoti thero rattaññū cirapabbajito addhagato vayoanuppatto, therā cassa bhikkhū sāvakā honti viyattā vinītā visāradā pattayogakkhemā. Alaṁ samakkhātuṁ saddhammassa, alaṁ uppannaṁ parappavādaṁ sahadhammehi suniggahitaṁ niggahetvā sappāṭihāriyaṁ dhammaṁ desetuṁ. Majjhimā cassa bhikkhū sāvakā honti … navā cassa bhikkhū sāvakā honti … therā cassa bhikkhuniyo sāvikā honti … majjhimā cassa bhikkhuniyo sāvikā honti … navā cassa bhikkhuniyo sāvikā honti … upāsakā cassa sāvakā honti … gihī odātavasanā brahmacārino. Upāsakā cassa sāvakā honti gihī odātavasanā kāmabhogino … upāsikā cassa sāvikā honti gihiniyo odātavasanā brahmacāriniyo … upāsikā cassa sāvikā honti gihiniyo odātavasanā kāmabhoginiyo … brahmacariyañcassa hoti iddhañceva phītañca vitthārikaṁ bāhujaññaṁ puthubhūtaṁ yāva devamanussehi suppakāsitaṁ, lābhaggappattañca yasaggappattañca. Evaṁ taṁ brahmacariyaṁ paripūraṁ hoti tenaṅgena.


18Ahaṁ kho pana, cunda, etarahi satthā loke uppanno arahaṁ sammāsambuddho. Dhammo ca svākkhāto suppavedito niyyāniko upasamasaṁvattaniko sammāsambuddhappavedito. Viññāpitatthā ca me sāvakā saddhamme, kevalañca tesaṁ paripūraṁ brahmacariyaṁ āvikataṁ uttānīkataṁ sabbasaṅgāhapadakataṁ sappāṭihīrakataṁ yāva devamanussehi suppakāsitaṁ. Ahaṁ kho pana, cunda, etarahi satthā thero rattaññū cirapabbajito addhagato vayoanuppatto.


19Santi kho pana me, cunda, etarahi therā bhikkhū sāvakā honti viyattā vinītā visāradā pattayogakkhemā. Alaṁ samakkhātuṁ saddhammassa, alaṁ uppannaṁ parappavādaṁ sahadhammehi suniggahitaṁ niggahetvā sappāṭihāriyaṁ dhammaṁ desetuṁ. Santi kho pana me, cunda, etarahi majjhimā bhikkhū sāvakā … santi kho pana me, cunda, etarahi navā bhikkhū sāvakā … santi kho pana me, cunda, etarahi therā bhikkhuniyo sāvikā … santi kho pana me, cunda, etarahi majjhimā bhikkhuniyo sāvikā … santi kho pana me, cunda, etarahi navā bhikkhuniyo sāvikā … santi kho pana me, cunda, etarahi upāsakā sāvakā gihī odātavasanā brahmacārino … santi kho pana me, cunda, etarahi upāsakā sāvakā gihī odātavasanā kāmabhogino … santi kho pana me, cunda, etarahi upāsikā sāvikā gihiniyo odātavasanā brahmacāriniyo … santi kho pana me, cunda, etarahi upāsikā sāvikā gihiniyo odātavasanā kāmabhoginiyo … etarahi kho pana me, cunda, brahmacariyaṁ iddhañceva phītañca vitthārikaṁ bāhujaññaṁ puthubhūtaṁ yāva devamanussehi suppakāsitaṁ.


20Yāvatā kho, cunda, etarahi satthāro loke uppannā, nāhaṁ, cunda, aññaṁ ekasatthārampi samanupassāmi evaṁlābhaggayasaggappattaṁ yatharivāhaṁ. Yāvatā kho pana, cunda, etarahi saṅgho vā gaṇo vā loke uppanno; nāhaṁ, cunda, aññaṁ ekasaṅghampi samanupassāmi evaṁlābhaggayasaggappattaṁ yatharivāyaṁ, cunda, bhikkhusaṅgho. Yaṁ kho taṁ, cunda, sammā vadamāno vadeyya: 'sabbākārasampannaṁ sabbākāraparipūraṁ anūnamanadhikaṁ svākkhātaṁ kevalaṁ paripūraṁ brahmacariyaṁ suppakāsitan'ti. Idameva taṁ sammā vadamāno vadeyya: 'sabbākārasampannaṁ … pe … suppakāsitan'ti.

21Udako sudaṁ, cunda, rāmaputto evaṁ vācaṁ bhāsati: 'passaṁ na passatī'ti. Kiñca passaṁ na passatīti? Khurassa sādhunisitassa talamassa passati, dhārañca khvassa na passati. Idaṁ vuccati: 'passaṁ na passatī'ti. Yaṁ kho panetaṁ, cunda, udakena rāmaputtena bhāsitaṁ hīnaṁ gammaṁ pothujjanikaṁ anariyaṁ anatthasaṁhitaṁ khurameva sandhāya. Yañca taṁ, cunda, sammā vadamāno vadeyya: 'passaṁ na passatī'ti, idameva taṁ sammā vadamāno vadeyya: 'passaṁ na passatī'ti. Kiñca passaṁ na passatīti? Evaṁ sabbākārasampannaṁ sabbākāraparipūraṁ anūnamanadhikaṁ svākkhātaṁ kevalaṁ paripūraṁ brahmacariyaṁ suppakāsitanti, iti hetaṁ passati. Idamettha apakaḍḍheyya, evaṁ taṁ parisuddhataraṁ assāti, iti hetaṁ na passati. Idamettha upakaḍḍheyya, evaṁ taṁparipūraṁ assāti, iti hetaṁ na passati. Idaṁ vuccati, cunda: 'passaṁ na passatī'ti. Yaṁ kho taṁ, cunda, sammā vadamāno vadeyya: 'sabbākārasampannaṁ … pe … brahmacariyaṁ suppakāsitan'ti. Idameva taṁ sammā vadamāno vadeyya: 'sabbākārasampannaṁ sabbākāraparipūraṁ anūnamanadhikaṁ svākkhātaṁ kevalaṁ paripūraṁ brahmacariyaṁ suppakāsitan'ti.

6. Sangāyitabbadhamma

22Tasmātiha, cunda, ye vo mayā dhammā abhiññā desitā, tattha sabbeheva saṅgamma samāgamma atthena atthaṁ byañjanena byañjanaṁ saṅgāyitabbaṁ na vivaditabbaṁ, yathayidaṁ brahmacariyaṁ addhaniyaṁ assa ciraṭṭhitikaṁ, tadassa bahujanahitāya bahujanasukhāya lokānukampāya atthāya hitāya sukhāya devamanussānaṁ. Katame ca te, cunda, dhammā mayā abhiññā desitā, yattha sabbeheva saṅgamma samāgamma atthena atthaṁ byañjanena byañjanaṁ saṅgāyitabbaṁ na vivaditabbaṁ, yathayidaṁ brahmacariyaṁ addhaniyaṁ assa ciraṭṭhitikaṁ, tadassa bahujanahitāya bahujanasukhāya lokānukampāya atthāya hitāya sukhāya devamanussānaṁ? Seyyathidaṁ — cattāro satipaṭṭhānā, cattāro sammappadhānā, cattāro iddhipādā, pañcindriyāni, pañca balāni, satta bojjhaṅgā, ariyo aṭṭhaṅgiko maggo. Ime kho te, cunda, dhammā mayā abhiññā desitā. Yattha sabbeheva saṅgamma samāgamma atthena atthaṁ byañjanena byañjanaṁ saṅgāyitabbaṁ na vivaditabbaṁ, yathayidaṁ brahmacariyaṁ addhaniyaṁ assa ciraṭṭhitikaṁ, tadassa bahujanahitāya bahujanasukhāya lokānukampāya atthāya hitāya sukhāya devamanussānaṁ.

7. Saññāpetabbavidhi

23Tesañca vo, cunda, samaggānaṁ sammodamānānaṁ avivadamānānaṁ sikkhataṁ aññataro sabrahmacārī saṁghe dhammaṁ bhāseyya. Tatra ce tumhākaṁ evamassa: 'ayaṁ kho āyasmā atthañceva micchā gaṇhāti, byañjanāni ca micchā ropetī'ti. Tassa neva abhinanditabbaṁ na paṭikkositabbaṁ, anabhinanditvā appaṭikkositvā so evamassa vacanīyo: 'imassa nu kho, āvuso, atthassa imāni vā byañjanāni etāni vā byañjanāni katamāni opāyikatarāni, imesañca byañjanānaṁ ayaṁ vā attho eso vā attho katamo opāyikataro'ti? So ce evaṁ vadeyya: 'imassa kho, āvuso, atthassa imāneva byañjanāni opāyikatarāni, yā ceva etāni; imesañca byañjanānaṁ ayameva attho opāyikataro, yā ceva eso'ti. So neva ussādetabbo na apasādetabbo, anussādetvā anapasādetvā sveva sādhukaṁ saññāpetabbo tassa ca atthassa tesañca byañjanānaṁ nisantiyā.

24Aparopi ce, cunda, sabrahmacārī saṅghe dhammaṁ bhāseyya. Tatra ce tumhākaṁ evamassa: 'ayaṁ kho āyasmā atthañhi kho micchā gaṇhāti byañjanāni sammā ropetī'ti. Tassa neva abhinanditabbaṁ na paṭikkositabbaṁ, anabhinanditvā appaṭikkositvā so evamassa vacanīyo: 'imesaṁ nu kho, āvuso, byañjanānaṁ ayaṁ vā attho eso vā attho katamo opāyikataro'ti? So ce evaṁ vadeyya: 'imesaṁ kho, āvuso, byañjanānaṁ ayameva attho opāyikataro, yā ceva eso'ti. So neva ussādetabbo na apasādetabbo, anussādetvā anapasādetvā sveva sādhukaṁ saññāpetabbo tasseva atthassa nisantiyā.

25Aparopi ce, cunda, sabrahmacārī saṅghe dhammaṁ bhāseyya. Tatra ce tumhākaṁ evamassa: 'ayaṁ kho āyasmā atthañhi kho sammā gaṇhāti byañjanāni micchā ropetī'ti. Tassa neva abhinanditabbaṁ na paṭikkositabbaṁ; anabhinanditvā appaṭikkositvā so evamassa vacanīyo: 'imassa nu kho, āvuso, atthassa imāni vā byañjanāni etāni vā byañjanāni katamāni opāyikatarānī'ti? So ce evaṁ vadeyya: 'imassa kho, āvuso, atthassa imāneva byañjanāni opayikatarāni, yā ceva etānī'ti. So neva ussādetabbo na apasādetabbo; anussādetvā anapasādetvā sveva sādhukaṁ saññāpetabbo tesaññeva byañjanānaṁ nisantiyā.

26Aparopi ce, cunda, sabrahmacārī saṅghe dhammaṁ bhāseyya. Tatra ce tumhākaṁ evamassa: 'ayaṁ kho āyasmā atthañceva sammā gaṇhāti byañjanāni ca sammā ropetī'ti. Tassa 'sādhū'ti bhāsitaṁ abhinanditabbaṁ anumoditabbaṁ; tassa 'sādhū'ti bhāsitaṁ abhinanditvā anumoditvā so evamassa vacanīyo: 'lābhā no, āvuso, suladdhaṁ no, āvuso, ye mayaṁ āyasmantaṁ tādisaṁ sabrahmacāriṁ passāma evaṁ atthupetaṁ byañjanupetan'ti.

8. Paccayānuññātakāraṇa

27Na vo ahaṁ, cunda, diṭṭhadhammikānaṁyeva āsavānaṁ saṁvarāya dhammaṁ desemi. Na panāhaṁ, cunda, samparāyikānaṁyeva āsavānaṁ paṭighātāya dhammaṁ desemi. Diṭṭhadhammikānaṁ cevāhaṁ, cunda, āsavānaṁ saṁvarāya dhammaṁ desemi; samparāyikānañca āsavānaṁ paṭighātāya.

Tasmātiha, cunda, yaṁ vo mayā cīvaraṁ anuññātaṁ, alaṁ vo taṁ — yāvadeva sītassa paṭighātāya, uṇhassa paṭighātāya,ḍaṁsamakasavātātapasarīsapasamphassānaṁ paṭighātāya, yāvadeva hirikopīnapaṭicchādanatthaṁ. Yo vo mayā piṇḍapāto anuññāto, alaṁ vo so yāvadeva imassa kāyassa ṭhitiyā yāpanāya vihiṁsūparatiyā brahmacariyānuggahāya, iti purāṇañca vedanaṁ paṭihaṅkhāmi, navañca vedanaṁ na uppādessāmi, yātrā ca me bhavissati anavajjatā ca phāsuvihāro ca. Yaṁ vo mayā senāsanaṁ anuññātaṁ, alaṁ vo taṁ — yāvadeva sītassa paṭighātāya, uṇhassa paṭighātāya, ḍaṁsamakasavātātapasarīsapasamphassānaṁ paṭighātāya, yāvadeva utuparissayavinodanapaṭisallānārāmatthaṁ. Yo vo mayā gilānapaccayabhesajjaparikkhāro anuññāto, alaṁ vo so yāvadeva uppannānaṁ veyyābādhikānaṁ vedanānaṁ paṭighātāya abyāpajjaparamatāya.

9. Sukhallikānuyoga

28Ṭhānaṁ kho panetaṁ, cunda, vijjati yaṁ aññatitthiyā paribbājakā evaṁ vadeyyuṁ: 'sukhallikānuyogamanuyuttā samaṇā sakyaputtiyā viharantī'ti. Evaṁvādino, cunda, aññatitthiyā paribbājakā evamassu vacanīyā: 'katamo so, āvuso, sukhallikānuyogo? Sukhallikānuyogā hi bahū anekavihitā nānappakārakā'ti.


29Cattārome, cunda, sukhallikānuyogā hīnā gammā pothujjanikā anariyā anatthasaṁhitā na nibbidāya na virāgāya na nirodhāya na upasamāya na abhiññāya na sambodhāya na nibbānāya saṁvattanti. Katame cattāro?

30Idha, cunda, ekacco bālo pāṇe vadhitvā vadhitvā attānaṁ sukheti pīṇeti. Ayaṁ paṭhamo sukhallikānuyogo.

31Puna caparaṁ, cunda, idhekacco adinnaṁ ādiyitvā ādiyitvā attānaṁ sukheti pīṇeti. Ayaṁ dutiyo sukhallikānuyogo.

32Puna caparaṁ, cunda, idhekacco musā bhaṇitvā bhaṇitvā attānaṁ sukheti pīṇeti. Ayaṁ tatiyo sukhallikānuyogo.

33Puna caparaṁ, cunda, idhekacco pañcahi kāmaguṇehi samappito samaṅgībhūto paricāreti. Ayaṁ catuttho sukhallikānuyogo.

34Ime kho, cunda, cattāro sukhallikānuyogā hīnā gammā pothujjanikā anariyā anatthasaṁhitā na nibbidāya na virāgāya na nirodhāya na upasamāya na abhiññāya na sambodhāya na nibbānāya saṁvattanti.

35Ṭhānaṁ kho panetaṁ, cunda, vijjati yaṁ aññatitthiyā paribbājakā evaṁ vadeyyuṁ: 'ime cattāro sukhallikānuyoge anuyuttā samaṇā sakyaputtiyā viharantī'ti. Te vo 'mā hevaṁ' tissu vacanīyā. Na te vo sammā vadamānā vadeyyuṁ, abbhācikkheyyuṁ asatā abhūtena.

36Cattārome, cunda, sukhallikānuyogā ekantanibbidāya virāgāya nirodhāya upasamāya abhiññāya sambodhāya nibbānāya saṁvattanti. Katame cattāro?

37Idha, cunda, bhikkhu vivicceva kāmehi vivicca akusalehi dhammehi savitakkaṁ savicāraṁ vivekajaṁ pītisukhaṁ paṭhamaṁ jhānaṁ upasampajja viharati. Ayaṁ paṭhamo sukhallikānuyogo.


38Puna caparaṁ, cunda, bhikkhu vitakkavicārānaṁ vūpasamā … pe … dutiyaṁ jhānaṁ upasampajja viharati. Ayaṁ dutiyo sukhallikānuyogo.


39Puna caparaṁ, cunda, bhikkhu pītiyā ca virāgā … pe … tatiyaṁ jhānaṁ upasampajja viharati. Ayaṁ tatiyo sukhallikānuyogo.


40Puna caparaṁ, cunda, bhikkhu sukhassa ca pahānā dukkhassa ca pahānā … pe … catutthaṁ jhānaṁ upasampajja viharati. Ayaṁ catuttho sukhallikānuyogo.

41Ime kho, cunda, cattāro sukhallikānuyogā ekantanibbidāya virāgāya nirodhāya upasamāya abhiññāya sambodhāya nibbānāya saṁvattanti.

42Ṭhānaṁ kho panetaṁ, cunda, vijjati yaṁ aññatitthiyā paribbājakā evaṁ vadeyyuṁ: 'ime cattāro sukhallikānuyoge anuyuttā samaṇā sakyaputtiyā viharantī'ti. Te vo 'evaṁ' tissu vacanīyā. Sammā te vo vadamānā vadeyyuṁ, na te vo abbhācikkheyyuṁ asatā abhūtena.

10. Sukhallikānuyogānisaṁsa

43Ṭhānaṁ kho panetaṁ, cunda, vijjati, yaṁ aññatitthiyā paribbājakā evaṁ vadeyyuṁ: 'ime panāvuso, cattāro sukhallikānuyoge anuyuttānaṁ viharataṁ kati phalāni katānisaṁsā pāṭikaṅkhā'ti? Evaṁvādino, cunda, aññatitthiyā paribbājakā evamassu vacanīyā: 'ime kho, āvuso, cattāro sukhallikānuyoge anuyuttānaṁ viharataṁ cattāri phalāni cattāro ānisaṁsā pāṭikaṅkhā. Katame cattāro?


Idhāvuso, bhikkhu tiṇṇaṁ saṁyojanānaṁ parikkhayā sotāpanno hoti avinipātadhammo niyato sambodhiparāyaṇo. Idaṁ paṭhamaṁ phalaṁ, paṭhamo ānisaṁso.

Puna caparaṁ, āvuso, bhikkhu tiṇṇaṁ saṁyojanānaṁ parikkhayā rāgadosamohānaṁ tanuttā sakadāgāmī hoti, sakideva imaṁ lokaṁ āgantvā dukkhassantaṁ karoti. Idaṁ dutiyaṁ phalaṁ, dutiyo ānisaṁso.

Puna caparaṁ, āvuso, bhikkhu pañcannaṁ orambhāgiyānaṁ saṁyojanānaṁ parikkhayā opapātiko hoti, tattha parinibbāyī anāvattidhammo tasmā lokā. Idaṁ tatiyaṁ phalaṁ, tatiyo ānisaṁso.

Puna caparaṁ, āvuso, bhikkhu āsavānaṁ khayā anāsavaṁ cetovimuttiṁ paññāvimuttiṁ diṭṭheva dhamme sayaṁ abhiññā sacchikatvā upasampajja viharati. Idaṁ catutthaṁ phalaṁ catuttho ānisaṁso.

Ime kho, āvuso, cattāro sukhallikānuyoge anuyuttānaṁ viharataṁ imāni cattāri phalāni, cattāro ānisaṁsā pāṭikaṅkhā'ti.

11. Khīṇāsavaabhabbaṭhāna

44Ṭhānaṁ kho panetaṁ, cunda, vijjati yaṁ aññatitthiyā paribbājakā evaṁ vadeyyuṁ: 'aṭṭhitadhammā samaṇā sakyaputtiyā viharantī'ti. Evaṁvādino, cunda, aññatitthiyā paribbājakā evamassu vacanīyā: 'atthi kho, āvuso, tena bhagavatā jānatā passatā arahatā sammāsambuddhena sāvakānaṁ dhammā desitā paññattā yāvajīvaṁ anatikkamanīyā. Seyyathāpi, āvuso, indakhīlo vā ayokhīlo vā gambhīranemo sunikhāto acalo asampavedhī; evameva kho, āvuso, tena bhagavatā jānatā passatā arahatā sammāsambuddhena sāvakānaṁ dhammā desitā paññattā yāvajīvaṁ anatikkamanīyā.

Yo so, āvuso, bhikkhu arahaṁ khīṇāsavo vusitavā katakaraṇīyo ohitabhāro anuppattasadattho parikkhīṇabhavasaṁyojano sammadaññāvimutto, abhabbo so nava ṭhānāni ajjhācarituṁ. Abhabbo, āvuso, khīṇāsavo bhikkhu sañcicca pāṇaṁ jīvitā voropetuṁ; abhabbo khīṇāsavo bhikkhu adinnaṁ theyyasaṅkhātaṁ ādiyituṁ; abhabbo khīṇāsavo bhikkhu methunaṁ dhammaṁ paṭisevituṁ; abhabbo khīṇāsavo bhikkhu sampajānamusā bhāsituṁ; abhabbo khīṇāsavo bhikkhu sannidhikārakaṁ kāme paribhuñjituṁ, seyyathāpi pubbe āgārikabhūto; abhabbo khīṇāsavo bhikkhu chandāgatiṁ gantuṁ; abhabbo khīṇāsavo bhikkhu dosāgatiṁ gantuṁ; abhabbo khīṇāsavo bhikkhu mohāgatiṁ gantuṁ; abhabbo khīṇāsavo bhikkhu bhayāgatiṁ gantuṁ. Yo so, āvuso, bhikkhu arahaṁ khīṇāsavo vusitavā katakaraṇīyo ohitabhāro anuppattasadattho parikkhīṇabhavasaṁyojano sammadaññāvimutto, abhabbo so imāni nava ṭhānāni ajjhācaritun'ti.

12. Pañhābyākaraṇa

45Ṭhānaṁ kho panetaṁ, cunda, vijjati, yaṁ aññatitthiyā paribbājakā evaṁ vadeyyuṁ: 'atītaṁ kho addhānaṁ ārabbha samaṇo gotamo atīrakaṁ ñāṇadassanaṁ paññapeti, no ca kho anāgataṁ addhānaṁ ārabbha atīrakaṁ ñāṇadassanaṁ paññapeti, tayidaṁ kiṁsu tayidaṁ kathaṁsū'ti? Te ca aññatitthiyā paribbājakā aññavihitakena ñāṇadassanena aññavihitakaṁ ñāṇadassanaṁ paññapetabbaṁ maññanti yathariva bālā abyattā.

Atītaṁ kho, cunda, addhānaṁ ārabbha tathāgatassa satānusāriñāṇaṁ hoti; so yāvatakaṁ ākaṅkhati tāvatakaṁ anussarati.

Anāgatañca kho addhānaṁ ārabbha tathāgatassa bodhijaṁ ñāṇaṁ uppajjati: 'ayamantimā jāti, natthi dāni punabbhavo'ti. Atītañcepi, cunda, hoti abhūtaṁ atacchaṁ anatthasaṁhitaṁ, na taṁ tathāgato byākaroti.


Atītañcepi, cunda, hoti bhūtaṁ tacchaṁ anatthasaṁhitaṁ, tampi tathāgato na byākaroti. Atītañcepi, cunda, hoti bhūtaṁ tacchaṁ atthasaṁhitaṁ, tatra kālaññū tathāgato hoti tassa pañhassa veyyākaraṇāya. Anāgatañcepi, cunda, hoti abhūtaṁ atacchaṁ anatthasaṁhitaṁ, na taṁ tathāgato byākaroti … pe … tassa pañhassa veyyākaraṇāya. Paccuppannañcepi, cunda, hoti abhūtaṁ atacchaṁ anatthasaṁhitaṁ, na taṁ tathāgato byākaroti. Paccuppannañcepi, cunda, hoti bhūtaṁ tacchaṁ anatthasaṁhitaṁ, tampi tathāgato na byākaroti. Paccuppannañcepi, cunda, hoti bhūtaṁ tacchaṁ atthasaṁhitaṁ, tatra kālaññū tathāgato hoti tassa pañhassa veyyākaraṇāya.


46Iti kho, cunda, atītānāgatapaccuppannesu dhammesu tathāgato kālavādī bhūtavādī atthavādī dhammavādī vinayavādī, tasmā 'tathāgato'ti vuccati.

Yañca kho, cunda, sadevakassa lokassa samārakassa sabrahmakassa sassamaṇabrāhmaṇiyā pajāya sadevamanussāya diṭṭhaṁ sutaṁ mutaṁ viññātaṁ pattaṁ pariyesitaṁ anuvicaritaṁ manasā, sabbaṁ tathāgatena abhisambuddhaṁ, tasmā 'tathāgato'ti vuccati.

Yañca, cunda, rattiṁ tathāgato anuttaraṁ sammāsambodhiṁ abhisambujjhati, yañca rattiṁ anupādisesāya nibbānadhātuyā parinibbāyati, yaṁ etasmiṁ antare bhāsati lapati niddisati. Sabbaṁ taṁ tatheva hoti no aññathā, tasmā 'tathāgato'ti vuccati.

Yathāvādī, cunda, tathāgato tathākārī, yathākārī tathāvādī. Iti yathāvādī tathākārī, yathākārī tathāvādī, tasmā 'tathāgato'ti vuccati. Sadevake loke, cunda, samārake sabrahmake sassamaṇabrāhmaṇiyā pajāya sadevamanussāya tathāgato abhibhū anabhibhūto aññadatthudaso vasavattī, tasmā 'tathāgato'ti vuccati.

13. Abyākataṭṭhāna

47Ṭhānaṁ kho panetaṁ, cunda, vijjati yaṁ aññatitthiyā paribbājakā evaṁ vadeyyuṁ: 'kiṁ nu kho, āvuso, hoti tathāgato paraṁ maraṇā, idameva saccaṁ moghamaññan'ti? Evaṁvādino, cunda, aññatitthiyā paribbājakā evamassu vacanīyā: 'abyākataṁ kho etaṁ, āvuso, bhagavatā: "hoti tathāgato paraṁ maraṇā, idameva saccaṁ moghamaññan"'ti.

48Ṭhānaṁ kho panetaṁ, cunda, vijjati, yaṁ aññatitthiyā paribbājakā evaṁ vadeyyuṁ: 'kiṁ panāvuso, na hoti tathāgato paraṁ maraṇā, idameva saccaṁ moghamaññan'ti? Evaṁvādino, cunda, aññatitthiyā paribbājakā evamassu vacanīyā: 'etampi kho, āvuso, bhagavatā abyākataṁ: "na hoti tathāgato paraṁ maraṇā, idameva saccaṁ moghamaññan"'ti.

49Ṭhānaṁ kho panetaṁ, cunda, vijjati, yaṁ aññatitthiyā paribbājakā evaṁ vadeyyuṁ: 'kiṁ panāvuso, hoti ca na ca hoti tathāgato paraṁ maraṇā, idameva saccaṁ moghamaññan'ti? Evaṁvādino, cunda, aññatitthiyā paribbājakā evamassu vacanīyā: 'abyākataṁ kho etaṁ, āvuso, bhagavatā: "hoti ca na ca hoti tathāgato paraṁ maraṇā, idameva saccaṁ moghamaññan"'ti.

50Ṭhānaṁ kho panetaṁ, cunda, vijjati, yaṁ aññatitthiyā paribbājakā evaṁ vadeyyuṁ: 'kiṁ panāvuso, neva hoti na na hoti tathāgato paraṁ maraṇā, idameva saccaṁ moghamaññan'ti? Evaṁvādino, cunda, aññatitthiyā paribbājakā evamassu vacanīyā: 'etampi kho, āvuso, bhagavatā abyākataṁ: "neva hoti na na hoti tathāgato paraṁ maraṇā, idameva saccaṁ moghamaññan"'ti.

51Ṭhānaṁ kho panetaṁ, cunda, vijjati, yaṁ aññatitthiyā paribbājakā evaṁ vadeyyuṁ: 'kasmā panetaṁ, āvuso, samaṇena gotamena abyākatan'ti? Evaṁvādino, cunda, aññatitthiyā paribbājakā evamassu vacanīyā: 'na hetaṁ, āvuso, atthasaṁhitaṁ na dhammasaṁhitaṁ na ādibrahmacariyakaṁ na nibbidāya na virāgāya na nirodhāya na upasamāya na abhiññāya na sambodhāya na nibbānāya saṁvattati, tasmā taṁ bhagavatā abyākatan'ti.

14. Byākataṭṭhāna

52Ṭhānaṁ kho panetaṁ, cunda, vijjati, yaṁ aññatitthiyā paribbājakā evaṁ vadeyyuṁ: 'kiṁ panāvuso, samaṇena gotamena byākatan'ti? Evaṁvādino, cunda, aññatitthiyā paribbājakā evamassu vacanīyā: 'idaṁ dukkhanti kho, āvuso, bhagavatā byākataṁ, ayaṁ dukkhasamudayoti kho, āvuso, bhagavatā byākataṁ, ayaṁ dukkhanirodhoti kho, āvuso, bhagavatā byākataṁ, ayaṁ dukkhanirodhagāminī paṭipadāti kho, āvuso, bhagavatā byākatan'ti.

53Ṭhānaṁ kho panetaṁ, cunda, vijjati, yaṁ aññatitthiyā paribbājakā evaṁ vadeyyuṁ: 'kasmā panetaṁ, āvuso, samaṇena gotamena byākatan'ti? Evaṁvādino, cunda, aññatitthiyā paribbājakā evamassu vacanīyā: 'etañhi, āvuso, atthasaṁhitaṁ, etaṁ dhammasaṁhitaṁ, etaṁ ādibrahmacariyakaṁ ekantanibbidāya virāgāya nirodhāya upasamāya abhiññāya sambodhāya nibbānāya saṁvattati. Tasmā taṁ bhagavatā byākatan'ti.

15. Pubbantasahagatadiṭṭhinissaya

54Yepi te, cunda, pubbantasahagatā diṭṭhinissayā, tepi vo mayā byākatā, yathā te byākātabbā. Yathā ca te na byākātabbā, kiṁ vo ahaṁ te tathā byākarissāmi? Yepi te, cunda, aparantasahagatā diṭṭhinissayā, tepi vo mayā byākatā, yathā te byākātabbā. Yathā ca te na byākātabbā, kiṁ vo ahaṁ te tathā byākarissāmi?

Katame ca te, cunda, pubbantasahagatā diṭṭhinissayā, ye vo mayā byākatā, yathā te byākātabbā. Yathā ca te na byākātabbā, kiṁ vo ahaṁ te tathā byākarissāmi? Santi kho, cunda, eke samaṇabrāhmaṇā evaṁvādino evaṁdiṭṭhino: 'sassato attā ca loko ca, idameva saccaṁ moghamaññan'ti. Santi pana, cunda, eke samaṇabrāhmaṇā evaṁvādino evaṁdiṭṭhino: 'asassato attā ca loko ca … pe … sassato ca asassato ca attā ca loko ca … neva sassato nāsassato attā ca loko ca … sayaṁkato attā ca loko ca … paraṁkato attā ca loko ca … sayaṁkato ca paraṁkato ca attā ca loko ca … asayaṅkāro aparaṅkāro adhiccasamuppanno attā ca loko ca, idameva saccaṁ moghamaññan'ti. 'Sassataṁ sukhadukkhaṁ … asassataṁ sukhadukkhaṁ … sassatañca asassatañca sukhadukkhaṁ … nevasassataṁ nāsassataṁ sukhadukkhaṁ … sayaṁkataṁ sukhadukkhaṁ … paraṁkataṁ sukhadukkhaṁ … sayaṁkatañca paraṁkatañca sukhadukkhaṁ … asayaṁkāraṁ aparaṅkāraṁ adhiccasamuppannaṁ sukhadukkhaṁ, idameva saccaṁ moghamaññan'ti.


55Tatra, cunda, ye te samaṇabrāhmaṇā evaṁvādino evaṁdiṭṭhino: 'sassato attā ca loko ca, idameva saccaṁ moghamaññan'ti. Tyāhaṁ upasaṅkamitvā evaṁ vadāmi: 'atthi nu kho idaṁ, āvuso, vuccati: "sassato attā ca loko cā"'ti? Yañca kho te evamāhaṁsu: 'idameva saccaṁ moghamaññan'ti. Taṁ tesaṁ nānujānāmi. Taṁ kissa hetu? Aññathāsaññinopi hettha, cunda, santeke sattā. Imāyapi kho ahaṁ, cunda, paññattiyā neva attanā samasamaṁ samanupassāmi kuto bhiyyo. Atha kho ahameva tattha bhiyyo yadidaṁ adhipaññatti.


56Tatra, cunda, ye te samaṇabrāhmaṇā evaṁvādino evaṁdiṭṭhino: 'asassato attā ca loko ca … sassato ca asassato ca attā ca loko ca … nevasassato nāsassato attā ca loko ca … sayaṁkato attā ca loko ca … paraṁkato attā ca loko ca … sayaṁkato ca paraṁkato ca attā ca loko ca … asayaṅkāro aparaṅkāro adhiccasamuppanno attā ca loko ca … sassataṁ sukhadukkhaṁ … asassataṁ sukhadukkhaṁ … sassatañca asassatañca sukhadukkhaṁ … nevasassataṁ nāsassataṁ sukhadukkhaṁ … sayaṁkataṁ sukhadukkhaṁ … paraṁkataṁ sukhadukkhaṁ … sayaṁkatañca paraṁkatañca sukhadukkhaṁ … asayaṁkāraṁ aparaṅkāraṁ adhiccasamuppannaṁ sukhadukkhaṁ, idameva saccaṁ moghamaññan'ti. Tyāhaṁ upasaṅkamitvā evaṁ vadāmi: 'atthi nu kho idaṁ, āvuso, vuccati: "asayaṁkāraṁ aparaṅkāraṁ adhiccasamuppannaṁ sukhadukkhan"'ti? Yañca kho te evamāhaṁsu: 'idameva saccaṁ moghamaññan'ti. Taṁ tesaṁ nānujānāmi. Taṁ kissa hetu? Aññathāsaññinopi hettha, cunda, santeke sattā. Imāyapi kho ahaṁ, cunda, paññattiyā neva attanā samasamaṁ samanupassāmi kuto bhiyyo. Atha kho ahameva tattha bhiyyo yadidaṁ adhipaññatti. Ime kho te, cunda, pubbantasahagatā diṭṭhinissayā, ye vo mayā byākatā, yathā te byākātabbā. Yathā ca te na byākātabbā, kiṁ vo ahaṁ te tathā byākarissāmi?

16. AparantaAparantasahagatadiṭṭhinissayasahagataAparantasahagatadiṭṭhinissayadiṭṭhinissaya

57Katame ca te, cunda, aparantasahagatā diṭṭhinissayā, ye vo mayā byākatā, yathā te byākātabbā. Yathā ca te na byākātabbā, kiṁ vo ahaṁ te tathā byākarissāmi? Santi, cunda, eke samaṇabrāhmaṇā evaṁvādino evaṁdiṭṭhino: 'rūpī attā hoti arogo paraṁ maraṇā, idameva saccaṁ moghamaññan'ti. Santi pana, cunda, eke samaṇabrāhmaṇā evaṁvādino evaṁdiṭṭhino: 'arūpī attā hoti … rūpī ca arūpī ca attā hoti … nevarūpī nārūpī attā hoti … saññī attā hoti … asaññī attā hoti … nevasaññīnāsaññī attā hoti … attā ucchijjati vinassati na hoti paraṁ maraṇā, idameva saccaṁ moghamaññan'ti.

Tatra, cunda, ye te samaṇabrāhmaṇā evaṁvādino evaṁdiṭṭhino: 'rūpī attā hoti arogo paraṁ maraṇā, idameva saccaṁ moghamaññan'ti. Tyāhaṁ upasaṅkamitvā evaṁ vadāmi: 'atthi nu kho idaṁ, āvuso, vuccati: "rūpī attā hoti arogo paraṁ maraṇā"'ti? Yañca kho te evamāhaṁsu: 'idameva saccaṁ moghamaññan'ti. Taṁ tesaṁ nānujānāmi. Taṁ kissa hetu? Aññathāsaññinopi hettha, cunda, santeke sattā. Imāyapi kho ahaṁ, cunda, paññattiyā neva attanā samasamaṁ samanupassāmi kuto bhiyyo. Atha kho ahameva tattha bhiyyo yadidaṁ adhipaññatti.


58Tatra, cunda, ye te samaṇabrāhmaṇā evaṁvādino evaṁdiṭṭhino: 'arūpī attā hoti … rūpī ca arūpī ca attā hoti … nevarūpīnārūpī attā hoti … saññī attā hoti … asaññī attā hoti … nevasaññīnāsaññī attā hoti … attā ucchijjati vinassati na hoti paraṁ maraṇā, idameva saccaṁ moghamaññan'ti. Tyāhaṁ upasaṅkamitvā evaṁ vadāmi: 'atthi nu kho idaṁ, āvuso, vuccati: "attā ucchijjati vinassati na hoti paraṁ maraṇā"'ti? Yañca kho te, cunda, evamāhaṁsu: 'idameva saccaṁ moghamaññan'ti.


Taṁ tesaṁ nānujānāmi. Taṁ kissa hetu? Aññathāsaññinopi hettha, cunda, santeke sattā. Imāyapi kho ahaṁ, cunda, paññattiyā neva attanā samasamaṁ samanupassāmi, kuto bhiyyo. Atha kho ahameva tattha bhiyyo yadidaṁ adhipaññatti.

Ime kho te, cunda, aparantasahagatā diṭṭhinissayā, ye vo mayā byākatā, yathā te byākātabbā. Yathā ca te na byākātabbā, kiṁ vo ahaṁ te tathābyākarissāmi?

59Imesañca, cunda, pubbantasahagatānaṁ diṭṭhinissayānaṁ imesañca aparantasahagatānaṁ diṭṭhinissayānaṁ pahānāya samatikkamāya evaṁ mayā cattāro satipaṭṭhānā desitā paññattā. Katame cattāro? Idha, cunda, bhikkhu kāye kāyānupassī viharati ātāpī sampajāno satimā vineyya loke abhijjhādomanassaṁ. Vedanāsu vedanānupassī … pe … citte cittānupassī … pe … dhammesu dhammānupassī viharati ātāpī sampajāno satimā, vineyya loke abhijjhādomanassaṁ. Imesañca, cunda, pubbantasahagatānaṁ diṭṭhinissayānaṁ imesañca aparantasahagatānaṁ diṭṭhinissayānaṁ pahānāya samatikkamāya. Evaṁ mayā ime cattāro satipaṭṭhānā desitā paññattā"ti.

60Tena kho pana samayena āyasmā upavāṇo bhagavato piṭṭhito ṭhito hoti bhagavantaṁ bījayamāno. Atha kho āyasmā upavāṇo bhagavantaṁ etadavoca: "acchariyaṁ, bhante, abbhutaṁ, bhante. Pāsādiko vatāyaṁ, bhante, dhammapariyāyo; supāsādiko vatāyaṁ, bhante, dhammapariyāyo, ko nāmāyaṁ, bhante, dhammapariyāyo"ti?

"Tasmātiha tvaṁ, upavāṇa, imaṁ dhammapariyāyaṁ 'pāsādiko' tveva naṁ dhārehī"ti.


61Idamavoca bhagavā. Attamano āyasmā upavāṇo bhagavato bhāsitaṁ abhinandīti.

Pāsādikasuttaṁ niṭṭhitaṁ chaṭṭhaṁ.